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江苏高中英语语法总结.doc


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江苏高中英语语法总结.doc
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牛津高中英语----模块一第一单元定语从句一、定语从句:定语从句的介绍1.就像是一个形容词或介词短语修饰名词一样,定语从句也能够修饰名词。定语从句所修饰的名词称为先行词。形容词:Thegreenteam介词短语:Theteamingreen定语从句:Theteamwhowerewearinggreen2.定语从句通常由关系代词来引导,如which,that,who,whom,whose,或关系副词来引导,如when,where,why。关系代词能够在定语从句中担当主语,宾语,表语,定语;关系副词能够在定语从句中担当状语。如:做主语Thetreeswhichareontheschoolcampushavelosttheirleaves.做宾语Thestudentwhomwesawjustnowisthebestrunnerinourschool.做表语Jackisnolongerthelazyboythatheusedtobe.做定语ShehasabrotherwhosenameIcan’tremember.做状语TheschoolwherehestudiedisinShenzhen.二、定语从句:关系代词:that,which,who,whom,和whose1.在定语从句中,that和which用来指代物。如:Thisisthestorythat/whichwewroteforourstorytellingcontest.2.在定语从句中,who用来指代人。如:ebackfromtheUK.3.当who在定语从句中做宾语时,能够用whom来取代,且whom比who更正式。如:Idon’tknowthenameoftheteacherwho/puterroomtheotherday.4.当关系代词在定语从句中做宾语时,who,whom,which和that能够被省略。如:Helikesallthebirthdaypresents(that/which)hisfriendsgavehim.5.Whose用来表示所属,它既可指人也可指物。如:IsatnexttoagirlwhosenamewasDiane.TheclubwhosemembersaremusicfansmeetintheschoolgardeneverySaturdayafternoon.第二单元定语从句一、定语从句:介词提前的定语从句(preposition+which;preposition+whom)当关系代词(which/whom)做定语从句中介词的宾语时,能够把介词提到关系代词的前面。如:Wethoughtyouwereapersonfromwhomwecouldexpectgooddecisions.在非正式英语中,介词通常放在定语从句的最后。如:ArtisthesubjectwhichIknowlittleabout.如果介词放在定语从句的最后,which能够被that取代,whom能够被that和who取代。如:Dadisapersonwhom/that/whoIcaneasilytalkto.当关系代词做定语从句中介词的宾语,并且介词又放在定语从句的末尾时,我们通常省略关系代词who和that。如:Thetopic(which)EricisinterestedinisPhysics.Danielistheperson(whom)Iwanttomakefriendswith.当先行词是way时,我们用inwhich或that来引导定语从句,这种情况下,inwhich或that能够被省略。如:Ididn’tliketheway(that/inwhich)shetalkedtome.二、定语从句:关系副词:when,where,why我们通常用关系副词when引导先行词是time,moment,day,season,year等的定语从句。如:Doyourememberthedaywhenweleftyouincharge?IoftenthinkofthemomentwhenIsawtheUFO.2.我们通常用关系副词where引导先行词是place,house,city,country,city,world等的定语从句。如:Thepolicesearchedthehousewherethethiefhadstayed.oesunpunished.3.我们通常用关系副词why引导先行词是reason的定语从句。如:Idon’tknowthereasonwhythehouseissodirty.4.在更加正式的英语中,where,when和why能够被介词+which所替代。如:Thestudyistheplacewhere/inwhichIoftenhave 内容来自淘豆网www.taodocs.com转载请标明出处.